The MONTEREY's first assignment was for harbor defense on the west coast of the U.S. She steamed off the coasts of California, Oregon and Washington. Also, in the spring and summer of 1895, the vessel made a cruise to Mexico, Peru and Panama. Beginning in 1896, the vessel was commanded by Charles E. Clark. As tensions began to rise following the loss of the MAINE, Clark was given command of the OREGON, which soon began its epic voyage around South America under his command.
With the victory of Dewey's Asiatic Squadron an the Battle of Manila Bay, efforts began to reinforce Dewey. There were concerns that the Spanish would send another squadron to the Philippines to try to eliminate Dewey, and also, there was concern that the Germans may also attack. On June 10, the MONTEREY, accompanied (or more precisely was towed by) the collier BRUTUS, began steaming the 7,000 miles from San Diego, California to Manila Bay. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge wrote to his friend Theodore Roosevelt that "we are not going to lug that monitor across the Pacific for the fun of lugging her back again." On June 29, the vessels arrived off Honolulu, Hawaii. Finally, on August 4, the MONTEREY and BRUTUS arrived in Manila Bay. Dewey was please to see the MONTEREY. With its large guns and its heavy armor, it was a substantial addition to Dewey's powerbase.
The MONTEREY had arrived in time for the final assualt on Manila. The battle was intended to be merely a show of force, since negotiations had been held that indicated that the city would surrender. On the morning of the final assault, MONTEREY took up a position close to the city of Manila. The city quickly surrendered under the threat of the American squadron, as per agreement.
The fall of Manila effectively ended the fighting in the Philippines during the Spanish American War. An armistice was agreed to with Spain on August 13, 1898, the same date that Manila fell.The war formally ended on December 10, 1898 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
With the outbreak of the Philippine-American War in February 1899, the MONTEREY continued to serve in the Philippines, supporting the occupation of Luzon. In September, 1899, the vessel took part in actions to destroy a large gun at the head of Subic Bay, in company with CHARLESTON, ZAFIRO and CONCORD.
MONTEREY left the Philippines for China in April of 1900, where she received new boilers in Hong Kong. Following this, she served as the station ship at Shanghai from July 1900 to September 1901. The vessel travelled upriver to Nanking on a diplomatic mission in 1902. She continued serving in various far eastern ports until being decommissioned on December 15, 1904.
MONTEREY was recommissioned on September 28, 1907 at Olongapo, but
within eight and a half months was placed in ordinary. She was recommissioned
in reserve through 1911 and aided in the protection of American interests
through 1917. In 1917, the vessel was towed to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii where
she served as a station ship. MONTEREY remained in service at the submarine
base until 1921 when she was sold for scrap to A Bercovich Co. of Oakland,
California. She made one final trip to the American mainland to be scrapped.
The vessel had a unique aspect in that it had trim tanks would allow
it to submerge until only a vew inches of freeboard remained, decreasing
her size as a target.
|Laid down:||July, 1889|
|Launched:||April 28, 1891|
|Commissioned:||February 13, 1893|
|Rig:||One military mast|
|Armament:||Two 12 inch breechloading rifles|
|Two 10 inch breechloading rifles|
|Six 6 pounder rapid fire guns|
|Four 1 pounder rapid fire guns|
|Two Colt machine guns|
|One field piece|
|Contractor:||Union Iron Works, San Francisco, CA.|
|Draft:||14 feet, 10 inches|
|Maximum draft fully loaded:||15 feet, 4 inches|
|Complement:||19 Officers and 176 Enlisted Men under the command of Commander J. W. Carlin (until May 24, 1898 when he was replaced by Commander E. H.C. Luetze)|
|Engine Type:||Vertical-expansion engines, 3700 hp. 2 shafts.|
|Speed:||12.4 knots theoretically, but 6-7 knots in reality|
|Boilers||2 single-ended cylindrical boilers and 4 "Ward Tubulous" boilers|
|Coal bunker capacity:||236 tons|
|Normal coal supply:||200 tons|
|Armor:||13 inches thick on sides
7 1/2 to 8 inches on turrets
11 1/2 to 13 inches on barbettes
3 inches on deck
|Cost:||Cost: $1,628,950 (for hull and machinery).|
Clark, Charles E., My Fifty Years in the Navy . (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1984). Reprint of original 1917 edition. 139.
Clerk of the Joint Committee on Printing, The Abridgement of the Message from the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress. (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1899). Vol II, 1106 1174-1175, 1252, Vol IV, 107, 110, 118.
Millis, Walter, The Martial Spirit. (Cambridge: The Riverside Press, 1931). 225
Naval History Department, Department of the Navy, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Vol. IV (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1969). 426-427