The following is the text of the famous "round robin" letter, authored by Theodore Roosevelt, and provided to the Associated Press by Major General Shafter. The letter led to the troops of the 5th Corps being removed from Cuba. The action saved many liaves among the the troops, but angered the Secretary of War. The text includes the actual "round robin" section signed by the officers, including Roosevelt.
MAJOR-GENERAL SHAFTER -
SIR: In a meeting of the general and medical officers called by
you at the Palace this morning we were all, as you know, unanimous in
our views of what should be done with the army. To keep us here, in the
opinion of every officer commanding a division or a brigade, will
simply involve the destruction of thousands. There is no possible
reason for not shipping practically the entire command North at once.
Yellow-fever cases are very few in the cavalry division, where I command one
of the two brigades, and not one true case of yellow fever has occurred
in this division, except among the men sent to the hospital at Siboney,
where they have, I believe, contracted it.
But in this division there have been 1,500 cases of malarial
fever. Hardly a man has yet died from it, but the whole command is so
weakened and shattered as to be ripe for dying like rotten sheep, when
a real yellow-fever epidemic instead of a fake epidemic, like the
present one, strikes us, as it is bound to do if we stay here at the
height of the sickness season, August and the beginning of September.
Quarantine against malarial fever is much like quarantining against the
All of us are certain that as soon as the authorities at
Washington fully appreciate the condition of the army, we shall be sent
home. If we are kept here it will in all human possibility mean an
appalling disaster, for the surgeons here estimate that over half the
army, if kept here during the sickly season, will die.
This is not only terrible from the stand-point of the individual
lives lost, but it means ruin from the stand-point of military
efficiency of the flower of the American army, for the great bulk of
the regulars are here with you. The sick list, large though it is,
exceeding four thousand, affords but a faint index of the debilitation
of the army. Not twenty per cent. are fit for active work.
Six weeks on the North Maine coast, for instance, or elsewhere
where the yellow-fever germ cannot possibly propagate, would make us
all as fit as fighting-cocks, as able as we are eager to take a leading
part in the great campaign against Havana in the fall, even if we are
not allowed to try Porto Rico.
We can be moved North, if moved at once, with absolute safety to
the country, although, of course, it would have been infinitely better
if we had been moved North or to Porto Rico
two weeks ago. If there were any object in keeping us here, we would
face yellow fever with as much indifference as we faced bullets. But
there is no object.
The four immune regiments ordered here are sufficient to garrison the city and surrounding towns, and there is absolutely nothing for us to do here, and there has not been since the city surrendered. It is impossible to move into the interior. Every shifting of camp doubles the sick-rate in our present weakened condition, and, anyhow, the interior is rather worse than the coast, as I have found by actual reconnoissance. Our present camps are as healthy as any camps at this end of the island can be.
I write only because I cannot see our men, who have fought so bravely and who have endured extreme hardship and danger so uncomplainingly, go to destruction without striving so far as lies in me to avert a doom as fearful as it is unnecessary and undeserved.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT, Colonel Commanding Second Cavalry Brigade.
We, the undersigned officers commanding the various brigades,
divisions, etc., of the Army of Occupation in Cuba, are of the unanimous opinion
that this army should be at once taken out of the island of Cuba and
sent to some point on the Northern sea-coast of the United States; that
can be done without danger to the people of the United States; that
yellow fever in the army at present is not epidemic; that there are
only a few sporadic cases; but that the army is disabled by malarial
fever to the extent that its efficiency is destroyed, and that it is in
a condition to be practically entirely destroyed by an epidemic of
yellow fever, which is sure to come in the near future.
We know from the reports of competent officers and from personal
observations that the army is unable to move into the interior, and
that there are no facilities for such a move if attempted, and that it
could not be attempted until too late. Moreover, the best medical
authorities of the island say that with our present equipment we could
not live in the interior during the rainy season without losses from
malarial fever, which is almost as deadly as yellow fever.
This army must be moved at once, or perish. As the army can be
safely moved now, the persons responsible for preventing such a move
will be responsible for the unnecessary loss of many thousands of
Our opinions are the result of careful personal observation, and they are also based on the unanimous opinion of our medical officers with the army, who understand the situation absolutely.
J. FORD KENT, Major-General Volunteers Commanding First Division, Fifth Corps.
J. C. BATES, Major-General Volunteers Commanding Provisional
ADNAH R. CHAFFEE, Major-General Commanding Third Brigade, Second Division.
SAMUEL S. SUMNER, Brigadier-General Volunteers Commanding First Brigade, Cavalry.
WILL LUDLOW, Brigadier-General Volunteers Commanding First Brigade, Second Division.
ADELBERT AMES, Brigadier-General Volunteers Commanding Third Brigade, First Division.
LEONARD WOOD, Brigadier-General Volunteers Commanding the City of
THEODORE ROOSEVELT, Colonel Commanding
Second Cavalry Brigade.
As a courtesy to our readers, clicking on a title in red will take you to that book on Amazon.comRoosevelt, Theodore, The Rough Riders. (New York: Review of Reviews Company, 1904), 295-299.